Singing a different song

Firstly apologies, it’s been over a month since my last blog post but unfortunately with holidays, illness and change of jobs I’ve been struggling to find any time to write about what I’ve been doing.

A few months back I did a little research into micro web frameworks, did quite a bit of reading around Sinatra, Bottle and Flask. To be honest they all seem good, and I want to play with Flask or bottle at some point too, but Sinatra is the one I’ve gone for so far as he documentation was the best and it seemed the easiest to use and he easiest to extend, not that I’ll ever be doing that!

Either way I thought I’d have a bit of a play with it and see if I could get something up and working and, locally for now due to a lack of documentation from my hosting provider… I have re-created my website Practical DevOps within Sinatra using rackup, bundler and ERB templates.

Now there’s a few reasons I did this, one, I wanted to stop updating every page when ever I needed to update the header or footer of a page, two, I want to implement Split testing (also know as A/B Testing) using something like Split. With all of this in mind and the necessity of having a bit more programmatic control over the website it seemed like a good idea to go with Sinatra.

The Basics of Sinatra

By default Sinatra looks for a static content in a directory called “public” and will look for templates in a folder called “views” which if needed can be configured within the app. So for basic sites this works fine and would have worked fine for me, but I really wanted partial templates to save having to enter the same details on multiple pages, and this can be done with Sinatra partial.

!/usr/bin/ruby

require 'sinatra'
require 'sinatra/partial'
require 'erb'


module Sinatra
  class App < Sinatra::Base

   register Sinatra::Partial
   set :partial_template_engine, :erb

    #Index page
    ['/?', '/index.html'].each do |path|
      get path do
        erb :index, :locals => {:js_plugins => ["assets/plugins/parallax-slider/js/modernizr.js", "assets/plugins/parallax-slider/js/jquery.cslider.js", "assets/js/pages/index.js"], :js_init => '<script type="text/javascript">
        jQuery(document).ready(function() {
            App.init();
            App.initSliders();
            Index.initParallaxSlider();
        });
        </script>', :css_plugins => ['assets/plugins/parallax-slider/css/parallax-slider.css'], :home_active => true}
      end
    end
  end
end

So let’s look at the above which is simply to serve the index of the site.

   register Sinatra::Partial
   set :partial_template_engine, :erb

The register command is how you extend Sinatra, so the sinatra-partial gem when it is installed simply drops it’s code in the sinatra area and when you call register all of the public methods are registered, this allows you to do stuff like this with magic, or you can use it in the ERB template like this. The next line simple tells sinatra to use ERB rather than haml, I chose this because of puppet and chef all using erb and as a result i’m a lot more familiar with that.

 #Index page
    ['/?', '/index.html'].each do |path|
      get path do
        erb :index, :locals => {:js_plugins => ["assets/plugins/parallax-slider/js/modernizr.js", "assets/plugins/parallax-slider/js/jquery.cslider.js", "assets/js/pages/index.js"], :js_init => '<script type="text/javascript">
        jQuery(document).ready(function() {
            App.init();
            App.initSliders();
            Index.initParallaxSlider();
        });
        </script>', :css_plugins => ['assets/plugins/parallax-slider/css/parallax-slider.css'], :home_active => true}
      end
    end

One of the nice things with sinatra is it’s simple to use the same provider for multiple routes, and the easiest way of doing this is to define an array and simply iterate over it for each path. Sinatra uses the http methods to define it’s own functions of what should happen, so a http get requires a route to be defined using the “get [path] block” style syntax and likewise the same for post, delete etc, see the Routes section of the sinatra docs for more info.

The last section is calling the template, so typically the syntax could just be “erb :page_minus_extension” which would load the erb template from the “views” directory created earlier. If you wanted to pass in variables to this you would define a signal ‘:locals’ which takes a hash of variables. All of these variables are only available to the the template that was called at the beginning, so to get the variables to the partial requires some work within the template.

Now within the the views/index.erb file I have the following:

<%= #include header
partial :"partials/header", :locals => {:css_plugins => css_plugins, :home_active => home_active}
%>

Partial calls another template within the views directory, so as I have a partial called header.erb in views/partials/ it loads that, and by defining the locals again from within the template I am able to pass the variables from index into the header or any other partial as needed.

Okay, that’s all folks, Hopefully that’s enough to get people up and running, have a good look at the examples in the git projects they’re useful, and be sure to read the entire Intro to sinatra, very useful!

Category:
code, Ruby
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Join the conversation! 1 Comment

  1. […] task, I managed to migrate my companies website from a static site to a Sinatra backed site using partial templates. I migrated because I was getting fed up of modifying all of the pages, all two of them, when ever […]

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